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Different Types of Bipolar Disorder

Have you heard of cyclothymic disorder or bipolar disorder I and II? Northeast Health Services is dedicated to supporting individuals on their journey to better mental health and well-being. Understanding the complexities of mental health conditions is a crucial step toward recovery.

Bipolar disorder, a condition characterized by significant mood swings, includes several types, each with its unique patterns and challenges. Call 508.794.8711 today to speak with someone from our team and explore the different types of bipolar disorder and what to expect from bipolar disorder treatment.

What Is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition marked by extreme mood swings that include emotional highs—mania or hypomania—and lows or depression. These mood swings can affect sleep, energy levels, behavior, judgment, and the ability to think clearly. Episodes of mood swings may occur rarely or multiple times a year.

The understanding of bipolar disorder has evolved significantly over time, reflecting increased insight into mental health. Initially known as “melancholia” in ancient Greece and later as “manic-depressive insanity,” the term “bipolar disorder” gained popularity in the mid-20th century. This shift represented a deeper comprehension of the condition beyond mood swings, recognizing it as a complex genetic, environmental, and physiological interaction.

What Are the Types of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder manifests in several forms, each presenting distinct patterns of mood swings. Understanding these types can help tailor the most effective treatment approach for individuals.

Bipolar Disorder I

This type is characterized by manic episodes lasting at least seven days or by manic symptoms so severe that immediate hospital care is needed. Depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least two weeks.

Bipolar Disorder II

Those struggling with bipolar disorder II experience a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes but not the full-blown manic episodes that are typical for those struggling with bipolar disorder I.

Cyclothymic Disorder

Also known as cyclothymia, this type involves periods of hypomanic symptoms as well as periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least two years—one year in children and adolescents. However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.

How to Help Someone Struggling with Bipolar Disorder

Helping someone with bipolar disorder involves understanding, patience, and support. Here are some ways to offer help:

  • Learn about bipolar disorder to better understand their experiences and challenges.
  • Be there to listen without judgment, offering empathy and understanding.
  • Help them maintain a healthy routine, including regular sleep, exercise, and a balanced diet.
  • Encourage them to seek professional help and reassure them that asking for assistance is okay.
  • Offer practical support, such as helping them with tasks or appointments.

Remember that everyone’s journey with bipolar disorder is unique, and there may be ups and downs along the way. But with proper care, support, and understanding, individuals can manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives.

Get Started on Bipolar Disorder Treatment at Northeast Health Services in New England

Understanding the different types of bipolar disorder is essential for anyone seeking to manage their condition effectively or support a loved one through their mental health journey. At Northeast Health Services, our team of compassionate and skilled mental health professionals is committed to providing personalized care that addresses each client’s unique needs. We believe in empowering our clients to achieve better mental health and well-being through comprehensive, evidence-based treatment options.

If you’re ready to take the next step in your mental health journey, click here to reach out to our team of empathetic mental health care experts. For existing clients, please click here and find your office location to contact your office directly. Together, let’s work toward a brighter, more stable future.